Pregnancy is similar to death for a woman. During pregnancy, a woman need to bear a lot of pain that is equal to half death. It is now a day possible to find a number of doctors who are recommending for operation to deliver a baby. When a baby has born naturally with any operation, income that can be achieved by that patient will be less. When that person is admitted in hospital and has undergone an operation for delivering a baby, more income can be achieved from that person. It is now a day possible to book a complaint against doctors who are recommending for operation. In case any problem has occurred to lives of mother and the new born, it is possible to file a case against doctors. Help of experienced medical malpractice lawyers is required to achieve success in the case. Details regarding lawyers can be obtained from http://youtu.be/PbCmcJbOQsw.
In order to educate readers Goldberg & Osborne provides a selection of informational material. A completely independent creator composed the content material. Goldberg & Osborne, a personal injuries law practice, is not responsible for either the material or any inaccuracies. The written content has not been changed in any way nor examined by the law firm.
Did you hate memorizing seemingly insignificant facts for tests at school? No photographic memory? Good news! Life is now an open-book exam — assuming you have a computer, browser, and Internet access. If you know how to use a good search engine, you don’t have to stuff your mind with facts that are useful only when playing Jeopardy! and Trivial Pursuit.
Chances are, you aren’t the first person to run across the problem you are experiencing. Chances are also good that an answer is awaiting your discovery on the Internet — you just have to remove the irrelevant pages and the unhelpful/incorrect results to find that needle in the haystack.
Google has been fanatical about speed. There is little doubt that it has built an incredibly fast and thorough search engine. Unfortunately, the human element of the Internet search equation is often overlooked. These 10 tips are designed to improve that human element and better your Internet search skills. (Note: All examples below refer to the Google search engine.)
This article is also available as a PDF download.
1: Use unique, specific terms
It is simply amazing how many Web pages are returned when performing a search. You might guess that the terms blue dolphin are relatively specialized. A Google search of those terms returned 2,440,000 results! To reduce the number of pages returned, use unique terms that are specific to the subject you are researching.
2: Use the minus operator (-) to narrow the search
How many times have you searched for a term and had the search engine return something totally unexpected? Terms with multiple meanings can return a lot of unwanted results. The rarely used but powerful minus operator, equivalent to a Boolean NOT, can remove many unwanted results. For example, when searching for the insect caterpillar, references to the company Caterpillar, Inc. will also be returned. Use Caterpillar -Inc to exclude references to the company or Caterpillar -Inc -Cat to further refine the search.
3: Use quotation marks for exact phrases
I often remember parts of phrases I have seen on a Web page or part of a quotation I want to track down. Using quotation marks around a phrase will return only those exact words in that order. It’s one of the best ways to limit the pages returned. Example: “Be nice to nerds”.Of course, you must have the phrase exactly right — and if your memory is as good as mine, that can be problematic.
4: Don’t use common words and punctuation
Common terms like a and the are called stop words and are usually ignored. Punctuation is also typically ignored. But there are exceptions. Common words and punctuation marks should be used when searching for a specific phrase inside quotes. There are cases when common words like the are significant. For instance, Raven and The Raven return entirely different results.
Most search engines do not distinguish between uppercase and lowercase, even within quotation marks. The following are all equivalent:
6: Drop the suffixes
It’s usually best to enter the base word so that you don’t exclude relevant pages. For example, bird and not birds, walk and not walked. One exception is if you are looking for sites that focus on the act of walking, enter the whole term walking.
7: Maximize AutoComplete
Ordering search terms from general to specific in the search box will display helpful results in a drop-down list and is the most efficient way to use AutoComplete. Selecting the appropriate item as it appears will save time typing. You have several choices for how the AutoComplete feature works:
Use Google AutoComplete. The standard Google start page will display a drop-down list of suggestions supplied by the Google search engine. This option can be a handy way to discover similar, related searches. For example, typing in Tucson fast will not only bring up the suggestion Tucson fast food but also Tucson fast food coupons.
Use browser AutoComplete. Use this Google start page to disable the Google AutoComplete feature and display a list of your previous searches in a drop-down box. I find this particularly useful when I’ve made dozens of searches in the past for a particular item. The browser’s AutoComplete feature must be turned on for this option to work. Click one of these links for instructions detailing how to turn AutoComplete on or off in I.E. and Firefox.
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8: Customize your searches
There are several other less well known ways to limit the number of results returned and reduce your search time:
The plus operator (+): As mentioned above, stop words are typically ignored by the search engine. The plus operator tells the search engine to include those words in the result set. Example: tall +and short will return results that include the word and.
The tide operator (~): Include a tilde in front of a word to return results that include synonyms. The tilde operator does not work well for all terms and sometimes not at all. A search for ~CSS includes the synonym style and returns fashion related style pages –not exactly what someone searching for CSS wants. Examples: ~HTML to get results for HTML with synonyms; ~HTML -HTML to get synonyms only for HTML.
The wildcard operator (*): Google calls it the fill in the blank operator. For example, amusement * will return pages with amusement and any other term(s) the Google search engine deems relevant. You can’t use wildcards for parts of words. So for example, amusement p* is invalid.
The OR operator (OR) or (|): Use this operator to return results with either of two terms. For example happy joy will return pages with both happy and joy, while happy | joy will return pages with either happy or joy.
Numeric ranges: You can refine searches that use numeric terms by returning a specific range, but you must supply the unit of measurement. Examples: Windows XP 2003..2005, PC $700 $800.
Site search: Many Web sites have their own site search feature, but you may find that Google site search will return more pages. When doing research, it’s best to go directly to the source, and site search is a great way to do that. Example: site:www.intel.com rapid storage technology.
Related sites: For example, related:www.youtube.com can be used to find sites similar to YouTube.
Although many companies have created products to help improve the process of cleaning your computer and peripherals, users can also use household items to clean their computers and peripherals. Below is a listing of items you may need or want to use while cleaning your computer or computer peripherals.
Keep in mind that some components in your computer may only be able to be cleaned using a product designed for cleaning that component; if this is the case, it will be mentioned in the cleaning tips.
Cloth – A cloth is the best tool used when rubbing down a component; although paper towels can be used with most hardware, we recommend using a cloth when ever possible. Caution: We only suggest you use a cloth when cleaning components such as the outside of the case, a drive, mouse, etc. You should not use a cloth to clean any circuitry such as the RAM or motherboard since they can generate ESD that can damage electronics.
Water or rubbing alcohol – When moistening a cloth, it is best to use water or rubbing alcohol. Other solvents may be bad for the plastics used with your computer.
Portable Vacuum – Sucking the dust, dirt, hair, cigarette particles, and other particles out of a computer can be one of the best methods of cleaning a computer. Over time, these items can restrict the airflow in a computer and cause circuitry to corrode. Do not use a standard vacuum as it can generate a lot of static electricity that can damage your computer.
Cotton swabs – Cotton swaps moistened with rubbing alcohol or water are excellent tools for wiping hard to reach areas in your keyboard, mouse, and other locations.
Foam swabs – Whenever possible, it is better to use lint-free swabs such as foam swabs.
Why? Keeps the appearance of the computer looking new. During cleaning, if ventilation locations are found, these can be cleaned helping the case keep a steady airflow to the computer, keeping components cool and in good working condition.
Procedure: The plastic case that houses the PC components can be cleaned with a lint-free cloth that has been slightly dampened with water. For stubborn stains, add a little household detergent to the cloth. It is recommended that you never use a solvent cleaner on plastics.
Make sure all vents and air holes are hair and lint free by rubbing a cloth over the holes and vents. It is also helpful to take a vacuum around each of the hole, vents, and crevices on the computer. It is safe to use a standard vacuum when cleaning the outside vents of a computer; however, if you need to clean the inside of the computer, use a portable battery powered vacuum to prevent static electricity.
This information applies to Windows Internet Explorer 7 and Windows Internet Explorer 8.
The Internet contains a vast collection of information, but finding what you’re looking for can be a challenge. Here are a few tips to help you search the web more effectively.
Use the search box
In the Internet Explorer search box, type a keyword or phrase and then press ENTER (or press ALT+ENTER to display the search results in a new tab).
The search box
Internet Explorer search box
Press Ctrl+E to go to the search box without using the mouse.
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Use the Address bar
In the Internet Explorer Address bar, type Find, Go, or ? followed by a keyword, website name, or phrase, and then press ENTER. If you want the search results to display in a new tab, press ALT+ENTER after typing the phrase.
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Use more than one search provider
If you don’t find what you’re looking for with a particular search provider, you can search using a different one. You can use the Internet Explorer search box to add additional search providers and then switch among them to improve your search results. In Internet Explorer 8 you can quickly change which search provider to use on a search by clicking the provider’s icon below the search box. For Internet Explorer 7, click the arrow next to the search box, and then click a provider.
To learn how to use different search providers, install new search providers, or change the search provider that Internet Explorer uses by default, see Change or choose a search provider in Internet Explorer.
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Search more efficiently
Here are a few ideas for improving the results of searches:
Use specific words rather than generic categories. For example, instead of searching for “dogs,” search for a specific breed of dog.
Use quotation marks to search for specific phrases. Surrounding terms with quotation marks limits the search results to only those webpages that contain the exact phrase you’ve specified. Without the quotation marks, the results will include any page that contains the words you’ve used, regardless of what order those words are in.
Use the minus (-) sign before a keyword to tell search providers to exclude pages with that term. Using a minus sign will retrieve webpages that don’t include the word. It’s important not to include any spaces between the signs and the search terms (for example, -Bogart, not – Bogart).
Eliminate common words such as “a,” “my,” or “the,” unless you’re looking for a specific title. If the word is part of something you’re looking for (a song title, for example), include the common word and surround the phrase with quotation marks.
Use synonyms or alternative search terms. Be creative or use a thesaurus for ideas. Type thesaurus in the search box to find an online thesaurus.
Search only a specific website or domain. To narrow the search to a specific site, type the search term you’re looking for followed by site: and the address of the website you want to search. For example, to search the Microsoft website for information about viruses, type virus site:www.microsoft.com (with no spaces between site: and the URL).
Use a specialty search engine or provider, such as an image search, to look for pictures. Many websites offer their own special searches for anything from shopping to hobbies. Internet Explorer can detect specialty search providers on some websites, which you can add to your list of search providers.
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Find words or phrases on a page
Once you’ve found a webpage that seems like what you’re looking for, Internet Explorer can help you find a specific word or phrase. Here’s how:
To find a word or phrase on a webpage in Internet Explorer 8
From a webpage, press CTRL+F to open the Find box below the tab row.
Type a word or phrase, and then press ENTER to scroll to the first match.
Click the Highlight All Matches button to show or hide all matches on the page.
To filter the matches, press Options, and then click one or both of the following:
Match Whole Word Only.
Click Next or Previous to move from one matched word or phrase to another.
he frequency of how often you should clean your computer varies on several different factors. To help you determine how often you need to clean your computer we’ve created the below chart. Check each of the boxes below that apply to your computers environment to determine how often it should be cleaned.
Where is computer located?
In a home environment
In a clean office environment
In construction or industry environment
In school environment
Have cat or dog in same building as computer
Smoke in same building as computer
Smoke next to computer
Computer is on floor
Room that the computer is in has carpet
Eat or drink by computer
Who uses it?
Adult (18 and older)
Young adults (ages 10-18) use computer
Pre-teen (younger than 10) use computer
More than one person uses computer
With what is checked above, clean your computer every months.
General cleaning Tips
Below is a listing of general tips that should be taken when cleaning any of the components or peripherals of a computer as well as tips to help keep a computer clean.
Never spray or squirt any liquid onto any computer component. If a spray is needed, spray the liquid onto a cloth and then use that cloth to rub down the component.
You can use a vacuum to suck up dirt, dust, or hair around the computer on the outside case. However, do not use a vacuum for the inside of your computer as it generates a lot of static electricity that can damage the internal components of your computer. If you need to use a vacuum to clean the inside of your computer, use a portable battery powered vacuum designed to do this job or try using compressed air.
When cleaning a component or the computer, turn it off before cleaning.
Be cautious when using any cleaning solvents; some individuals may have allergic reactions to chemicals in cleaning solvents and some solvents can even damage the case. Try to always use water or a highly diluted solvent.
When cleaning, be careful not to accidentally adjust any knobs or controls. In addition, when cleaning the back of the computer, if anything is plugged in, make sure not to disconnect any of the plugs.
When cleaning fans, especially the smaller fans within a portable computer or laptop it’s suggested that you either hold the fan or place something in-between the fan blades to prevent it from spinning. Spraying compressed air into a fan or cleaning a fan with a vacuum may cause damage or back voltage to be generated.
Never eat or drink around the computer.
Limit smoking around the computer.
This is the million dollar question! When talking to patients, I always immediately mention this fact. If a health website is selling a product or service, they will be biased. I always emphasize to patients that this does not mean the product or service is bad; this means the website will not be completely objective.
When talking to patients about internet searches, I provide examples of unbiased versus biased websites. For example, there are two websites with articles on the benefits of physical exercise. One website is a government (.gov) website and the other website is a commercial (.com) website that also sells exercise equipment and herbal remedies. It is obvious the commercial website would be biased in favor of their products.
Is this a legitimate website? Top tips to determine
When patients visit websites, I encourage them to consider the following questions:
If the researcher is identified, is he/she a professional or accredited authority on the subject? If not, does the author state his/her perspective on the subject? For example, by saying “I’m a patient with diabetes.”
If an organization is responsible for the information, is it a reputable organization recognized as an authority on the subject? Do they provide evidence of their expertise?
What kinds of evidence are provided to endorse a specific treatment or service? Keep in mind that scientific studies and research have a different credibility than first-hand experience. One person stating, “This product saved my life!” is not helpful. The research needs to indicate groups of people were helped in controlled scientific studies.
Does the website provide contact information about the author or organization (for example, full name, address and phone number)?
Does the organization position itself as the sole source of information on a particular health topic? A legitimate organization would never position itself as the only credible source of information.
Is the information reviewed and/or updated often enough given the content? Is the date of the last update clearly marked on each item or screen? If information is only valid for a short time, is this fact clearly labeled?
Are both (or all) sides of the issue presented? If not, does the resource state that it presents only one side of an issue? For example, a site that promotes a vegetarian diet should indicate that there are other dietary options, or clearly state that they are only presenting one side of a multifaceted issue.
Are commercial links and/or sponsorships clearly stated? Are these sponsorships separate from the health information content?
Does the website offer a clear statement that the health information presented should not be taken as health advice or a substitute for visiting a healthcare professional?
Is The Health on the Net (HON) logo present on the site?
All healthcare professionals are aware that patients flock to the Internet to get information about the disease entity they or a family member is currently experiencing. There is a great deal of excellent evidence-based health information on the internet. There is also a lot of misleading, useless and even dangerous information on the Internet.
Over the years, I have tried many approaches to educating patients as to how to safely surf the Internet for health information. I found one method where you can immediately see the patients’ eyes light up! You know the look; the look of understanding.
This is the winning approach. This is also the approach I explain in my programs for healthcare professionals. Participants in the workshops later tell me the approach was a lifesaver! The approach involves suggesting that patients look at the website’s “ending designation.” Patients need to have a basic understanding of what the different designations mean and how those designations effect the website content.
Explain to patients the four primary website designations and discuss the rationale as to why some designations can be more trusted than others.
.GOV: The .gov websites are from government organizations. An organization MUST be a government institution to receive this designation. These websites offer top notch information and patients should be encouraged to visit these websites. These websites are unbiased and provide objective information. Government websites also offer information about new research, such as clinical trials.
.EDU: The .edu websites are from educational institutions. An organization MUST be an educational institution to receive this designation. These websites offer excellent research-based information. Patients will gain vital information from these websites. There is a small caution with these sites; educational institutions are often affiliated with certain hospital systems and may subtlety promote their medical services.
.ORG: The .org websites are generally used by associations and non-profit organizations. These websites offer wonderful information and are highly recommended. There is a caveat, which is slight, in that anyone could get an .org designation. This does allow for the potential of unscrupulous people putting up quack websites using the .org designation. (With patients, I then review the “Is this a legitimate website?” tip list. See below)
.COM: The .com is an abbreviation for the word, commercial. Even though there are many wonderful health websites with the .com designation, the potential for abuse is highest among these websites. (With patients, I then review the “Is this a legitimate website?” tip list. See below)
Overall, the .edu, .gov and .org websites are excellent sources of reliable evidence-based health information. Of course, there are many outstanding .com websites; however those types of websites should be reviewed more carefully for a commercial bias.
Purchasing a software application or program can be a big consideration, especially when purchasing advanced and usually expensive programs such as Microsoft Office or Adobe Photoshop. When considering purchasing these programs it is important that you or your staff be familiar with the program and are sure it’s going to be capable of what you need it to do.
On this page we’ve listed several different considerations to think about before buying a computer software application
Before buying any application make sure there is not a competing program that may be cheaper or even free. If available and something that’s capable of doing what you want it to do this could save you hundreds of dollars.
A good example of such a program is OpenOffice and Corel WordPerfect that would be a competitor to Microsoft Word. Both programs are an excellent choice for a word processor but can be a considerable price difference. In the case of OpenOffice, it’s 100% free.
Make sure proper documentation is included. Many programs today will include on-line documentation that is more than sufficient. However, it is also useful to obtain a manual or user guide for the software program or application.
If you are a company who plans on having software programs used by its employees (more than one person), you will need to consider licensing options. It is required that for each computer a product is installed onto that it have a software license. If a company purchases the program and shares it with all its employees without the proper licensing, this would be illegal and can cause your company to face a criminal lawsuit.
Look at your overall price and shop around. Because a software price can change often, you can sometimes save hundreds of dollars on expensive software. If possible, do not purchase directly through the company; many times, the company’s price doubles a retailers price.
Be cautious of OEM software. Many resellers will sell a program as OEM, which requires you buy a computer or motherboard. OEM software is software that is included with large manufacturers’ computers and will only include either just a CD or a slim manual and CD. This is not what you would find at a retail store. This option is not a bad option, it is only important that you are aware of what you are getting.
Look at the overall software package. How many CDs or diskettes are included, what inserts and documentation is included, and is there any bonus or extra software included?
Today, the majority of software is included on CDs and DVDs. When looking at a program, make sure you have an acceptable drive that’s able to read the media, While not common today, an example of why this is important is it’s better to receive one CD instead of 32 floppy diskettes.
Online activities are an integral part of your children’s lives and they probably spend many of their waking hours surfing the net. Your children use the Internet to study, browse for information, socialize, or play games. These are all constructive activities and there is no doubt that your children can derive tremendous benefits from the Internet.
But that same wonderful environment can very easily become unhealthy and unsafe and even threatening for your children. The increasingly popular social networking sites, instant messaging programs, and chat rooms are just a few potentially dangerous applications that your children probably use regularly. These and others are often misused by sexual predators and cyber bullies who are lurking around the corner, just a few clicks away.
You can’t keep your children off the Internet but you can try to make it a safer place for them, by following a few practical steps that will keep your children safe online.
First of all, discuss the following safe Internet use rules with your children:
Use caution with your personal information
Avoid publishing your full name, your school name, home address, email address, mobile or home phone numbers and images, where they are easily accessible by others. Use caution especially with social networking sites such as Facebook or MySpace
Never give out personal details to online friends you do not know offline
Never post anything you wouldn’t want your parents, teachers, or future employers to see
Remember that once you post information online, you can’t take it back. Even if you delete the information from a site, older versions exist on other people’s computers
Do not share other people’s personal information or say things that might violate the safety or rights of others, even if you mean it as a “joke”
Do not share passwords, user names, account IDs or PINs with anyone besides your parents
Do not leave mobile phones or other personal electronics (such as a laptop, iPhone, Blackberry, PDA, etc.) unattended
Remember there are impersonators out there who lie about their real identity. Someone you meet on the Internet may not be the right person to share your problems with, not to mention meeting with them face to face
Read these tips to help keep your work, personal, or financial information private.
Don’t save your logon information
Always log out of websites by clicking “log out” on the site. It’s not enough to simply close the browser window or type in another address.
Many programs (especially social networking websites, web mail, and instant messenger programs) include automatic login features that will save your user name and password. Disable this option so no one can log in as you.
Don’t leave the computer unattended with sensitive information on the screen
If you have to leave the public computer, log out of all programs and close all windows that might display sensitive information.
Erase your tracks
Internet Explorer offers InPrivate browsing that leaves no trace of specific web activity. For more information, see Internet Explorer 9 Features: InPrivate Browsing.
Internet Explorer also keeps a record of your passwords and every page you visit, even after you’ve closed them and logged out.
Disable the feature that stores passwords
Before you go to the web, turn off the Internet Explorer feature that “remembers” your passwords.
In Internet Explorer, click Tools Gear icon, and then click Internet Options.
Click the Content tab, and then click Settings, next to AutoComplete.
Click to clear the check box for User names on passwords and forms.
Delete your temporary Internet files and your history
When you finish your use of a public computer, you can help protect your private information by deleting your temporary Internet files. For information on how to delete temporary Internet files see Delete webpage history.
Watch for over-the-shoulder snoops
When you use a public computer, be on the look out for thieves who look over your shoulder or watch as you enter sensitive passwords to collect your information.
Don’t enter sensitive information into a public computer
These measures provide some protection against casual hackers who use a public computer after you have.
But keep in mind that an industrious thief might have installed sophisticated software on the public computer that records every keystroke and then emails that information back to the thief.
Then it doesn’t matter if you haven’t saved your information or if you’ve erased your tracks. They still have access to this information.
If you really want to be safe, avoid typing your credit card number or any other financial or otherwise sensitive information into any public computer.